Week 5 ~ Revolution

Fredonian Rebellion

Come and Take It Cannon – The Birth of Texas

REMEMBER THE ALAMO Script for Elementary students
Enrique Esparza and the Battle of the Alamo – https://www.lernerbooks.com/digitalassets/Assets/Title%20Assets/8818/9780822585664/Script.pdf



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Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón

The theme of the shanty, which dates from at least the 1850s, may have been inspired by topical events in the news related to conflicts between the armies of Mexico, commanded by Antonio López de Santa Anna, and the U.S., commanded by Zachary Taylor, in the Mexican-American War.[1]

The Plains of Mexico/



How Mexican General Santa Anna Brought Chewing Gum to US

Does Chewing Gum digest?
“Chewing gum takes seven years to pass through the human digestive system.”

Mark Archuleta as Santa Anna


“In 1847, the United States and Mexico fought what Americans call the Mexican War and Mexicans call the Invasion of Mexico. During that conflict, his forces were surprised by a gallant Illinois infantry unit. He fled on horseback, leaving the prosthesis behind.

Our troops took the abandoned appendage into custody and transported it to Illinois, prudently assuring it would never again be put to warlike purposes. It has resided here since, and is currently among the holdings of the Illinois State Military Museum in Springfield.”


“However he may have been condemned by parties,
his career formed a brilliant and important portion of the History of Mexico,
and future historians will differ in their judgment of his merits.
General Santa Anna outlived his usefulness and ambition,
and died at the ripe age of eighty-four. Peace to his ashes”

–Obituary Mexico City 1876



It is with deep and heartfelt sorrow that we announce the death of Gen. Sam Houston. It took place at his residence in Huntsville, on the 26th inst, at a quarter past 6 P. M. A letter from his physician, says:

“He died after an illness of five weeks. At one time during his sickness, hopes were entertained of his recovery, but his improvement was only apparent and it soon became evident that the band of death was upon him. To his numerous friends it will doubtless be a matter of great satisfaction to care that in his last hours he was sustained by the christian’s hope and that he died the death of the righteous.”

Thus has passed away one of the great men of the age. Say what we may of General Houston, we can but accord to him the merit of having filled his full share of the history of the last forty years. His life has been a remarkable one. Whether as Governor of Tennessee, when he was but a little over thirty years of age, or as chief of the Cherokees, or as a hero of the Texas revolution, or still later in the political arena of these last past years, he has always occupied a high place in the public consideration. He has not always been right, nor has he always successful, but he has always left the impress of his mind upon the times in which he has acted.

What were the springs of action to his mind, who dare undertake to tell? What drove him when he was on the high road to fame, and the enjoyment of life, the governor of a great State, the idol of a great people, to cast himself loose from them all and plunge into the wilderness of the West, and become the companion of savages? What led him afterwards, restated in the paths of civilization, honored Senator of another great State, and the beloved idol of its people, to again cast himself loose from their convictions of right, and in defiance of their feelings yield his assent to the designs of their enemies? Who can tell? What ever it was, the ease with which he regained of his fellow citizens, in both these instances, are among the most remarkable incidents in history.

After being lost for years in the wilderness, he re-visited Tennessee, and was received with the most flattering attentions by the whole people. He entered Texas, and was made little less than dictator. After being repudiated by the people of Texas twenty years later, denied his seat in the Senate, cast off by many who had always before voted for him, he took the field against a powerful and well organized party, and again the people flocked to his support and made him Governor.

Such power over men is unquestionably the most remarkable trait of his character. There in lay the greatness of Sam Houston. It was not in his virtue, for in the course of his life he has passed through what would have been degradation to other men; and from the couch of the debauchee he has risen to the throne of power, his faculties unimpaired and his authority unquestioned. It was not in his generosity of heart, for a man who is slow to forgive as was General Houston, is not a natural lover of his kind. But it was in the certain power of discovering the springs of human action, a knowledge of human nature, and an ability to use his knowledge which few men possess.

To write a history of the life of Sam Houston is not our part. His history is too well know to make it necessary. To picture his character is also a task that may well be left to the public at large, to whom he is as well know as to us. We pity the heart that could now conceive evil of him. His noble qualities are before the people.

Let us shed tears to his memory, due to one who has filled so much of our affections. Let the whole people bury with him whatever of unkindness they had for him. Let his monument be in the hearts of those who people the land, to which his latter years were devoted. Let his fame sacredly cherished by Texans, as a debt not less to his distinguished services than own honor, of which he was always so jealous and so proud.

More favorable obit for S.A.:

Santa Anna’s obituary published in
El Siglo XIX
—The last hours of his life inspire the saddest of reflections: the man who controlled millions, who acquired fortunes and honors, who exercised an unrestricted dictatorship, has died in the midst of the greatest want, abandoned by all except a few of his friends who remembered him in adversity. A relic of another epoch, our generation remembered him for the misfortunes he brought upon the republic, forgetting the really eminent services he rendered to the nation. He was as a tree, stricken in years, destitute of foliage, to whose boughs even such parasites as are usually found on dry and withered trees did not cling.
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Week 8 ~ Early Statehood

James K. Polk & Manifest Destiny


Manifest Destiny Explained

The development of the political parties in Texas

PDF BOOK – Statehood, Secession, and Civil War

John Stossel – Capitalism vs Socialism

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Sam Houston

Timeline PDF

Sam Houston birth to 1832 – from Ken Burns

Lesson plans, podcasts, games, a musical program for student performance, and links to many primary web resources are ready to help your students learn.

The Lion of Texas — A Conversation with Sam Houston

A hero of our state’s battle for independence from Mexico, Houston served as president of the Republic of Texas, governor of the State of Texas (as well as Tennessee), and U.S. senator for the State of Texas. He also has the distinction of being the only Confederate state governor to oppose secession from the Union and was thus removed from office. President John F. Kennedy even included a chapter on Sam Houston in his Pulitzer Award-winning Profiles In Courage. Today, another Texan and namesake of Sam Houston presents “The Lion of Texas—A Conversation with Sam Houston,” a two-act one-man play that allows the audience to step into the home of Sam Houston and “feel” the very substance and nature of the famous Texas legend.

Biography – HS – Sam Houston – Part 1 of 2 – Texas Hero – Governor of Tennessee – President of Texas

This is a VOA product and is in the public domain

The Great Adventure – The Testing of Sam Houston. Air date: Jan. 31, 1964. With original CBS network commercials, station break, commentary from the NEA, and next week’s preview.

Definition: Battle that took place on March 27, 1814, near Daviston, Alabama. American troops under General Andrew Jackson defeated a smaller force of Upper Creek or Red Stick Native American warriors. This was the final battle of the Creek War, which is considered part of the War of 1812.

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Week 4 ~ Empresarios, Stephen F Austin, & Colonial Times




Five Themes of Geography – 2:34


Sam Houston and Francis Scott Key
Congressman William Stanbery of Ohio insulted Houston (and
Jackson) in a speech on the floor of the House and ignored Houston’s
duel challenges. Bad career move.
After a convivial dinner with some of his Congressional buddies at the
Willard Hotel on April 13, 1832, Houston encountered Stanbery on
Connecticut Avenue. Armed with his signature hickory stick, Houston,
beat Stanbery to the ground.
Stanbery tried to shoot Houston but the gun didn’t go off. For
some reason, that made Houston mad, so he raised Stanbery’s legs and
beast him severely about his nether regions.
When Houston violated Stanbery he doubtless violated the Constitution
(Article I, Section 6) which says that a Congressman “shall not be
questioned in any other place” for a speech made on the floor of
Congress. Out of deference to the ladies in the audience at the trial,
nobody specified the “other place”.
Houston was a violent man. Had his dinner companions not
intervened, the Governor of Ohio would have had to call a special
The House ordered Houston arrested and tried. While awaiting
trial Houston, clad in his Indian garb, had dinner with Andrew Jackson
at the White House. Jackson told Houston to get a proper suit for the
trial before the House. Houston said he couldn’t afford a suit so
Jackson bought him one.
Houston was convicted. The Speaker (who had been Houston’s
dinner companion on the night in question) pronounced judgment,
saying “I reprimand you.”, then went on to other business.
The prominent Baltimore lawyer Houston had hired was too ill
(drunk?) to make the closing argument so Houston summed up. He
must have done pretty well. He got off with a brief sentence.

The lawyer is better known to history
as the songwriter Francis Scott Key.
When Houston returned to Texas he wrote President Jackson
thanking him for his support and hospitality. In that letter Houston
prophesied his own role in Texas’ independence from Mexico and its
subsequent admission to the Union by writing: “I shall lay before you a
new Estremadura.”

WAR 1812

History of the Star Spangled Banner for Kids – 2:51

Johnny Horton Battle of New Orleans – 2:27


Fought with Andrew Jackson – Pirate Jean Lafitte – 5:00

Andrew Jackson – 3:05

Old Hickory 4:09

Stephen F. Austin – 2:42

Marty Robbins – Ballad of The Alamo – 3:39

In reality Sam Houston ordered the cannons and guns of the Alamo to be removed, and the Alamo to be destroyed afterwards.

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Texas Immigrants




Jewish Thanksgiving



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Week 3 ~ Spanish Texas

Ford “Expedition”

Suggested Reading:

Lafitte : Terror of the Gulf
by Catherine Troxell Gonzalez



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