JOHN & CHARLES WESLEY
The theological foundations of modern pentecostalism can be traced primarily to Methodism and the thinking of John Wesley. Vinson Synan refers to Wesley as “the spiritual and intellectual father of modern holiness and pentecostal movements” (The Holiness-Pentecostal Movement in the United States [Eerdmans, 1971], 13). Another scholar has stated that “pentecostals are children of Wesley.” F. D. Bruner writes:
“Methodism is the most important of the modern traditions for the student of Pentecostal origins to understand, for 18th century Methodism is the mother of the 19th century American holiness movement, which, in turn, bore 20th century Pentecostalism. Pentecostalism is primitive Methodism’s extended incarnation” (A Theology of the Holy Spirit [Eerdmans, 1977], 37).
1. The Influence of John Wesley and Methodism – Wesley was born (1703; died 1791) into an Anglican home with a Puritan influence. He was educated at Oxford and taught there for some years. His brother Charles and some friends organized the Holy Club and were dubbed Methodists for their emphasis on methodical Bible study and the pursuit of holiness. It was Wesley’s views on sanctification that contributed most to the later emergence of pentecostal doctrine.
He was said to have averaged 10 poetic lines a day for 50 years. He wrote 8,989 hymns, 10 times the volume composed by the only other candidate (Isaac Watts) who could conceivably claim to be the world’s greatest hymn writer. He composed some of the most memorable and lasting hymns of the church: “Hark! The Herald Angels Sing,” “And Can It Be,” “O for a Thousand Tongues to Sing,” “Love Divine, All Loves Excelling,” “Jesus, Lover of My Soul,” “Christ the Lord Is Risen Today,” “Soldiers of Christ, Arise,” and “Rejoice! the Lord Is King!”
John Wesley – The Founder of Methodism
John Wesley – the Evangelical Revival (4 min)
Strangely Warmed: John Wesley’s Spiritual Journey
Ads below are placed on my blog without my consent.