How the days of the week got their names

Sounds like the title of a fable.  But it’s not.  At least not that I know of.
On Wednesday, as we switched from Bible to Math and I pulled out my planner and noted it was Wednesday.  I actually said "Wed-nes-day" pronouncing the "d" (if you say it this way it’s easy to spell).  Then I asked my 9-year-old to spell Wednesday.   We discussed how the rest of the days are much easier to spell.  This prompted her to say, "If there’s a SUNday, why isn’t there a daughterday?  I explained how it was "Sunday" and not "sonday".  Then I said, "Why not a moonday."  But immediately, "El Lunes" (Monday in Spanish) popped into my head.  And that got us to wondering about how our days of the week got their names.  Therefore, we grabbed up our spiral spelling notebook and a dictionary and made the following notes:
Sunday = Sun’s day

Monday = Mon’s day

Tuesday = Tiu’s day (Jove, Zeus)

                    ~Jove is the same as Jupiter, by Jove!  (Granted, you don’t hear "By Jove" much these days but I never knew it was like saying, "By G–")

Wednesday = Mercury’s day (Wooden’s day)
                       ~Woden, Wodan – chief Germanic god, identified with the Norse Odin
  (Someone on one website explained away the "silent d" in Wednesday this way: "Many English words have vestigial letters in them even though we no longer pronounce them."  I thought that was pretty funny!)

Thursday – Thor’s day

Friday – Goddess Frigg  Venus’ day
Norse Myth. the wife of Odin "goddess of Heaven, presiding over marriage and the home"

Saturday – Saturn’s day

Upon further study using the WWW, we discovered the following:

"In English, we call our days of the week after Saxon gods, apart from Saturday. The French call their days of the week after Roman gods. But the Saxon and Roman gods who look after the same day are the same type of god. The English ‘Saturday’ is called after a Roman god, not a Saxon one. In Scandinavia, the word for Saturday is Lördag or Lørdag. It is an ancient word meaning "bath". Apparently the Vikings took one bath a week and it was on Saturday, so they called it "bath day". Perhaps the Saxons didn’t like baths, so they preferred to use the Roman day name!"
http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/jo/roman/daysweek.htm
 
"Legend tells us that long ago, certain tribes of people in southern Europe could not explain the warm ball of light that appeared in the sky each day. They decided it was given to them by a great god and named the ball of light sol (Latin). They named the day dies solis, which is Latin for day of the sun or Sunday"
http://www.oxblog.com/article/198/the-names-of-each-day-of-the-week-honor-many-ancient-gods.html
 
We also read about Days of the Week in Chinese, Japanese & Vietnamese on this page:
http://www.cjvlang.com/Dow/dow1.html
 
"The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus."  http://www.crowl.org/Lawrence/time/days.html
 
"In Hebrew, the days of the week are simply numbered, except for the 7th, which is the Sabbath (Shabbat). In Arabic, the days of the week are also numbered, and the 7th day is still the Sabbath (asSabt), but the 6th day is now alJum’ah, the day of "gathering" (jum’), when Muslims pray at the mosque (jâmi’). In Modern Greek, the days are also numbered, and the 7th is still the Sabbath (Savvato), but the 1st day is now Kyriakê, the Lord’s day. Interestingly, the 6th day in Greek is Paraskeuê, the "Preparation." This is actually the Jewish term, as preparation is made on the 6th day for the Sabbath — preserved in a language today almost entirely of Christians, but formerly of many Jews in the Hellenistic and Roman periods."http://www.friesian.com/week.htm
*As an added bonus to doing this study, I just learned the meaning behind the symbol for man and woman were by reading the above website!
 
"The symbol for man is meant to be the combination of the shield and spear of Mars (the Roman god of war).  Perhaps it represents the aggressive spirit of man or rather men taken as a gender. No doubt that the spear also has overtones regarding reproduction as it relates to the next two symbols.

The symbol for woman comes next. It is meant to represent the mirror and handle of the Roman goddess Venus. It is surprising that this goddess of love, known in the Greek as Aphrodite, still remains the symbol for women, for she was known to preoccupy herself with beauty and for her reliance on men. " –  http://www.indepthinfo.com/articles/man-woman-birth-death-infinity.shtml
Want to know more history and information on the days of the week?  Go here:
http://www.webexhibits.org/calendars/week.html
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